引用本文:李厚禹,蒯伟,邵振鲁,等.新冠肺炎疫情对农村人居环境整治的影响[J].环境科学研究,2020,33(7):1579-1588.
LI Houyu,KUAI Wei,SHAO Zhenlu,et al.Influence of Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) on Renovation of Rural Living Environment[J].Research of Environmental Sciences,2020,33(7):1579-1588.]
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新冠肺炎疫情对农村人居环境整治的影响
李厚禹1, 蒯伟1, 邵振鲁2, 刘亚琦3, 徐艳1, 郑向群1
1. 农业农村部环境保护科研监测所, 天津 300191;2. 山东农业大学, 山东 泰安 271018;3. 中国地质大学, 湖北 武汉 430074
摘要:
新型冠状病毒肺炎(COVID-19,简称“新冠肺炎”)疫情的发生,影响了我国经济水平较低、环境管控力度较薄弱的农村地区的发展.通过对新冠肺炎防疫过程与农村人居环境整治工作间的相互关系进行剖析,探究新冠肺炎疫情防控对农村人居环境整治的主要影响.结果表明,农村垃圾堆积、污水处理不当、厕所粪污无害化处理不达标以及基础设施建设不完善等农村人居环境薄弱环节,存在形成病毒传播扩散途径的风险.而交通运输限制虽然有效抑制了新冠肺炎疫情扩散,但也致使农村人居整治工作延滞.同时,新冠肺炎疫情的传播扩散在短期内限制了农民行为活动,降低了群众对农村人居环境整治工作的热情.据此,建议应健全农村人居环境整治制度,完善整治工程技术,从而在有效管控新冠肺炎疫情传播的同时,更好地推进农村人居环境整治,提高农民生活质量,为疫情过后恢复农民生活、农业生产以及农村发展打下坚实的基础.
关键词:  新型冠状病毒肺炎  农村人居环境  传播  措施  影响
DOI:10.13198/j.issn.1001-6929.2020.05.43
分类号:X22
基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目(No.2018YFC1901004)
Influence of Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) on Renovation of Rural Living Environment
LI Houyu1, KUAI Wei1, SHAO Zhenlu2, LIU Yaqi3, XU Yan1, ZHENG Xiangqun1
1. Agro-Environmental Protection Institute, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Tianjin 300191, China;2. Shandong Agricultural University, Tai'an 271018, China;3. China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074, China
Abstract:
In rural areas with low economic level and weak environmental control, the spread of Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) impacts on agricultural and rural development. This study analyzed the relationship between COVID-19 prevention process and rural living environment renovation, and explored the major influences of the former on the latter. It is found that there are risks of virus proliferation in rural living environment, such as rural garbage accumulation, improper sewage treatment, the substandard disposal of toilet waste and imperfect infrastructure construction. Transportation restrictions not only effectively curb the spread of COVID-19, but also delay the renovation of rural living environment work. Meanwhile, the spread of the COVID-19 has limited farmers' activities in the short term. Therefore, this paper proposed to improve the rural living environment improvement system and the technologies to effectively control the spread of COVID-19, and promote the improvement of rural living environment and upgrade the life quality of farmers, which lay a solid foundation to restore farmers' lives, agricultural production and rural development after COVID-19.
Key words:  COVID-19  rural living environment  spread  measures  influence