引用本文:王金南,孙宏亮,续衍雪,等.关于“十四五”长江流域水生态环境保护的思考[J].环境科学研究,2020,33(5):1075-1080.
WANG Jinnan,SUN Hongliang,XU Yanxue,et al.Water Eco-Environment Protection Framework in the Yangtze River Basin during the 14th Five-Year Plan Period[J].Research of Environmental Sciences,2020,33(5):1075-1080.]
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关于“十四五”长江流域水生态环境保护的思考
王金南, 孙宏亮, 续衍雪, 王东, 赵越, 魏明海
生态环境部环境规划院, 长江经济带生态环境联合研究中心, 北京 100012
摘要:
长江横贯我国东中西部,是我国第一大河,全球第三大河.保护好长江生态环境既是维护区域生态环境安全的基本要求,也是体现国家综合经济实力和扩大全球影响力的必然需求.党的十八大以来,长江流域生态环境保护修复工作成效显著,但在部分区域、领域依然存在突出生态环境问题和治理短板.“十四五”期间,长江流域水生态环境保护工作应以习近平生态文明思想为指引,坚持问题导向、分类施策,坚持源头预防、“三水共治”,在巩固以往好经验、好做法的基础上,认清生态环境保护中长期战略形势,把握好不同区域之间的差异性,以解决人民群众身边的突出水生态环境问题为重点,做好长江流域水生态环境保护顶层设计,推进生态环境治理能力和治理体系现代化,为长江经济带高质量发展打下坚实基础.
关键词:  长江流域  水生态环境保护  “十四五”  顶层设计
DOI:10.13198/j.issn.1001-6929.2020.03.22
分类号:X32
基金项目:
Water Eco-Environment Protection Framework in the Yangtze River Basin during the 14th Five-Year Plan Period
WANG Jinnan, SUN Hongliang, XU Yanxue, WANG Dong, ZHAO Yue, WEI Minghai
Center for Ecological Environment in Yangtze River Economic Belt, Chinese Academy of Environmental Planning, Beijing 100012, China
Abstract:
The Yangtze River is the largest river in China and the third largest river in the world. Protecting the ecological environment of the Yangtze River is not only a basic requirement for maintaining regional ecological environment security, but also an inevitable requirement for reflecting the country's comprehensive economic strength and expanding the global influence. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, remarkable achievements have been made in the protection and restoration of the ecological environment in the Yangtze River Basin, but there are still outstanding problems and weak governance in some regions. During the 14th Five-Year Plan Period, the water ecological environment protection work in the Yangtze River Basin should always adhere to the guideline of Xi Jinping's Ecological Civilization Thought, adhere to the problem-oriented, classified policy, adhere to the source prevention and three water co-governance. On the basis of consolidating the past good experience and good practices, we should recognize the medium and long term strategic situation of ecological and environmental protection and grasp the differences between different regions. With the focus on solving the prominent water ecological and environmental problems around the people, we will carry out the top-level design of water ecological and environmental protection in the Yangtze River Basin, promote the modernization of the ecological and environmental governance system and governance capacity, and lay a solid foundation for the high-quality development of the Yangtze River Economic Belt.
Key words:  the Yangtze River  water ecological and environmental protection  the 14th Five-Year Period  top-level design